The Golden Chameleon

Is gold a commodity, an investment, or money?

The answer is…

Gold is a chameleon. It changes in response to the environment.Gold is making an important change right now.

At times, gold behaves like a commodity. The gold price tracks the ups and downs of commodity indices.

At other times, gold is viewed as a safe haven investment. It competes with stocks and bonds for investor attention.

And on occasion, gold assumes its role as the most stable long-term form of money the world has ever known.

A real chameleon changes color based on the background on which it rests. When sitting on a dark green leaf, the chameleon appears dark green to hide from predators. When the chameleon hops from the leaf to a tree trunk, it will change from green to brown to maintain its defenses.

Gold also changes its nature depending on the background.

Right now, gold is behaving more like money than a commodity or investment. It is competing with central bank fiat money for asset allocations by global investors. That’s a big deal because it shows that citizens around the world are starting to lose confidence in other forms of money such as dollars, yuan, yen, euros and sterling.

This is great news for those with price exposure to gold. The price of gold in many currencies is going up as confidence in those other currencies goes down. Confidence in currencies is dropping because investors are losing confidence in the central banks that print them.

For the first time since 2008, it looks like central banks are losing control of the global financial system. Gold does not have a central bank. Gold always inspires confidence because it is scarce, tested by time and has no credit risk.

Gold’s role as money is difficult for investors to grasp. One criticism of gold is that is has no yield. Gold has no yield because money has no yield. In order to get yield, you have to take risk.

Bank deposits, and so-called money market funds have yield, but they are not money. A bank deposit is subject to default by the bank as we saw recently in Greece and Cyprus. A money market fund is subject to collapse of the fund itself as we saw in 2008.

Gold does not have these risks.

Lost confidence in fiat money starts slowly then builds rapidly to a crescendo. The end result is panic buying of gold and a price super-spike.

We saw this behavior in the late 1970s. Gold moved from $35 per ounce in August 1971 to $800 per ounce in January 1980.

That’s a 2,200% gain in less than nine years.

We may be looking at the early stages of a similar super-spike that could take gold to $10,000 per ounce or higher. When that happens there will be one important difference between the new super-spike and what happened in 1980.

Back then, you could buy gold at $100, $200, or $500 per ounce and enjoy the ride. In the new super-spike, you may not be able to get any gold at all. You’ll be watching the price go up on TV, but unable to buy any for yourself.

Gold will be in such short supply that only the central banks, giant hedge funds and billionaires will be able to get their hands on any. The mint and your local dealer will be sold out. That physical scarcity will make the price super-spike even more extreme than in 1980.

The time to buy gold is now, before the price spikes and before supplies dry up.

What signs do we see that gold is now behaving like money?

For one thing, gold price action has diverged from the price action of other commodities. This divergence first appeared in late 2014, but has become more pronounced in recent months.

Gold observers know that gold measured in dollars is down significantly from its all-time high in 2011. COMEX gold peaked at $1,876 per ounce on Sept. 2, 2011. And recently traded as low as $1,056 per ounce on Nov. 27, 2015. That’s a 44% decline in just over four years. Yet in the same time period, broad-based commodities indices fell even more. One major commodities index fell 53%.

The contrast between the behavior of gold and commodities is even more extreme when we narrow the time period. From June 20, 2014 to Jan. 15, 2016, the broad-based commodity index fell 63%, while gold fell only 17%. The recent collapse in commodity prices was almost four times greater than the decline in gold prices.

From mid-January to mid-February 2016, gold rallied 14% while commodities still languished near five-year lows.

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Right now, investors around the world are losing confidence in Chinese yuan, Saudi rials, South African rand, Russian rubles and a long-list of other emerging market currencies. Investor preferences are shifting toward dollars and gold. This accounts for gold’s outperformance of the rest of the commodity complex when measured in dollars.

What is interesting is that when the price of gold is measured not in dollars, but in rubles, yuan or rials, the percentage price increase in gold is even more impressive because those currencies have all declined lately against the dollar.

When you understand that gold is money, and competes with other forms of money in a jumble of cross-rates with no anchor, you’ll know why the monetary system is going wobbly.

It’s important to take off your dollar blinders to see that the dollar is just one form of money. And not necessarily the best for all investors in all circumstances. Gold is a strong competitor in the horse race among various forms of money.

Normally I recommend a 10% allocation of investible assets to physical gold for your permanent portfolio. But, when short-term trading opportunities arise, certain gold trades such as exchange traded funds (ETFs) are a great way to get dollar price exposure to gold and book 100% or more profits.

(In my colleague David Stockman’s webcast last night, he actually recommended a certain gold ETF, so don’t be frightened about all ETFs).

This chameleon has changed color recently. And the new color is gold.


Jim Rickards
for The Daily Reckoning

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