Why the Market Is Breaking Records Again

Eyes abulge, jaw adrop, shoulders adroop… today we stand and marvel, dumbstruck.

For only five months after December’s deathly plummet, both S&P and Nasdaq have regained the glorious heights.

The S&P closed at 2,934 yesterday — eclipsing its Sept. 20 record of 2,931.

The Nasdaq ended the day at 8,121, cresting its Aug. 29 record elevation of 8,110.

Meantime, the Dow Jones neared to within 1.1% of its own summit.

What gusting updraft explains yesterday’s assaults upon the peaks?


Coca-Cola, United Technologies, Lockheed Martin, Procter & Gamble, Whirlpool, Twitter and more. From all points earnings reports poured in… and exceeded estimates.

Nearly 80% of S&P companies reporting first-quarter earnings have surpassed expectations.

And so the bluebirds of happiness alighted upon Wall Street… and sang their tuneful hymns.

Wall Street Rejoices

Peter Cardillo, for example, chief market economist at Spartan Capital:

Among the key companies that have reported, most of them have beaten expectations. That means we’re probably going to escape an earnings recession. That will be key for the market to rally from here.

Tony Roth, chief investment officer at Wilmington Trust, joins the gleeful chorus:

Today was a very broadly representative day of the overall economy. That’s what’s driving the markets… If the earnings season is as strong as we expect the next major signpost is the trade situation with China and getting that resolved.

Patrick Palfrey — senior equities strategist at Credit Suisse — chirps his own sweet melody:

Earnings season is corroborating a lot of the success we’re seeing, and it’s really eliminated concerns around profit recession, concerns about economic slowdown and concerns about trade and China. That all has been removed from the table. 

But has it?

Our own Nomi Prins is a former Wall Street “insider.” She has toiled in the highest precincts of Bear Stearns, Goldman Sachs and others.

Beware Wall Street’s parlor tricks, Nomi warns, beware its shell games.

Can You Trust the Numbers?

Corporations often twist and torture earnings forecasts so they can easily beat them. That in turn lifts the stock price:

So far, earnings have been positive. This tends to be the case because companies like to manage analyst expectations downward just so they can beat them. As a result, nearly three-quarters of the companies that already reported results for the first quarter of 2019, including mega banks like JPMorgan Chase and Citigroup, beat expectations. 

What I learned from my time on Wall Street is that this is a standard dance that happens between financial analysts and corporations…

The lower the bar, the greater the possibility it can be exceeded. There’s more upside potential in that case, in other words. Even if earnings do fall, they look better than forecast, which gives shares a pop in response. 

Does the preceding account for this earnings spree?

Still, Nomi reminds us, overall earnings for S&P companies are expected to drop 1.7% this quarter — the first negative quarter since early 2016.

And why shouldn’t they drop?

Set up to Fall

GDP growth has trended lower since last year’s second quarter. And average estimates for Q1 2019 ring in slightly above 2%… in rhythm with the previous quarter’s 2.2%.

The Federal Reserve’s New York garrison presently projects a mere 1.4% increase. If accurate — if accurate — growth will wind to its softest pace since Q4 2015.

It is true, a trade deal with China may be in prospect. But markets have already “priced in” an accord to large extent.

And have markets noted the president’s latest broadside?

Trump insists a trade agreement with the European Union include agricultural products.

The European Union insists it must not.

“Play ball,” thunders #45, or “we’re going to tariff the hell out of you.”

Will Europe “play ball”?

It is far from certain.

Meantime, global manufacturing wallows in muck.

Last month, European manufacturing registered its largest drop in in nearly six years.

Asian manufacturing has likewise stagnated, although China is showing signs.

But in all, a weak brew.

And after dropping the first two months of the year, total U.S. March production slipped another 0.1%.

The Federal Reserve: Crooked Dealer

Yet in the one fellow’s telling, all concerns have “been removed from the table.”

But this is a slanted table… and a crooked dealer sits at its head.

He deals from a loaded deck. And his dice aren’t fair.

Here we speak of the Federal Reserve.

Perhaps the only concern removed from the table is the concern of tighter money.

After December’s stock market insurrection, the Federal Reserve threw down its arms and came marching into camp.

Rate hikes are on “pause,” it declared, and quantitative tightening would wind to a halt in September.

Financial conditions soon reversed from the tightest in 2.5 years… to the loosest in five years.

By some measures they are presently the loosest in 25 years.

Is it any wonder stocks have recaptured their wondrous heights?

We are only surprised by the short time it has taken.

From “Greed” to “Extreme Greed” Within a Week 

Meantime, Wall Street’s “fear gauge,” VIX, sinks to lows last witnessed in September.

And CNNMoney’s Fear and Greed Index has swung from “greed” to “extreme greed” in the span of one week:

Fear and Greed Index

Here at The Daily Reckoning, we are leery of crowds.

When everyone is loaded onto the same side of the ferryboat, we instinctively quicken step… and run the opposite way.

Meantime, we understand the “smart money” is also fleeing the crowd.

“Smart Money Is Ready to Short”

Data from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission — a broad gauge of institutional sentiment such as hedge funds — indicates bullish sentiment has plunged 36%.

“Do not be fooled,” warns analyst Naeem Aslam of ThinkMarkets UK, ”as smart money is ready to short.”

“To short” meaning ready to bet against the market.


This shows that smart money is ready to bank big if the market falls again. Moreover, one thing is for certain when it comes to smart money: It doesn’t like to play the catch-up game. 

No doubt true.

But in fairness we concede:

The “smart money” is not always correct. Or correct in the broad sketch, but wrong in the timing.

Long and bitter experience instructs us to avoid timing markets.

Especially, that is, when the Federal Reserve is working the clock… and turning back the hands.

As we have suggested recently, markets could even “melt up” before melting in the other direction.

But ultimately the fools and their money will be separated, as they always are.

The only question is when…


Brian Maher
Managing editor, The Daily Reckoning

The Daily Reckoning