Darkness without a dawn…
The Dow down 167 yesterday. Gold down $48. Nothing to get excited about.
The excitement is still ahead. When the Dow cuts through the 10,000 mark and heads to 6,000. Stay tuned…
In the meantime, yesterday’s Financial Times told us that the industrialized nations will borrow $10 trillion this year. Next year, the figure should be higher.
Where does all that money come from? It’s more than the world’s total savings. Not that we know exactly, but total world GDP is about $50 to $60 trillion. Savings should be about 10% of that — or only about $5 to $6 trillion.
So how are the developed nations able to borrow so much?
With so much debt turning over, it makes the world financial system extremely vulnerable to inflation…or just a change of sentiment in the bond market. Which makes us wonder. What would happen if the lenders balk?
We are, as all Dear Readers know, in a Great Correction. And in a great correction asset prices fall…along with a general fall-off in employment, consumer spending, investment, GDP growth and all the other things that make a robust economy. Demand drops…which typically causes prices to fall (or at least not to rise as quickly as before). There is less demand for credit as for everything else. So, the pool of available bonds falls…forcing up bond prices and forcing down bond yields.
Well, don’t worry if you don’t. Because there’s at least a 50/50 chance it won’t happen that way.
So far, the Great Correction has followed the usual script. Bond yields have fallen. Price inflation has generally come down. But demand for credit — as evidenced by the aforementioned $10 trillion government financing costs — is running hot. ‘Typically’ may not matter. Because this is no typical downturn. And it wouldn’t be too surprising if all this demand for credit pushed up bond yields.
Wouldn’t that be a drag?
And here we find ourselves with a grim, but philosophically amusing, insight. Typically, every cloud has a silver lining. Every glass that is half empty is also half full. And dawn follows even the darkest night. That’s just the way the world works. But what if the cloud has no lining, neither of silver nor of anything else that reflects light? And what if the glass is completely empty?
In the normal economic world, low interest rates are the half-full part of the correction glass. A correction comes. Asset prices go down…along with all the other things mentioned above. But interest rates go down too…which make it easier for new projects to clear the “hurdle rate.” At 6% interest, for example, a new project has to return at least 6% to breakeven. Any new investment that won’t produce more than a 6% minimum gain is quickly abandoned. But as the correction drives down yields, to say 3%, all of a sudden a lot more investments begin to make sense. Dawn comes.
Lower inflation rates…and lower asset prices…help too. As prices fall, shrewd investor and careful businessmen can put their money to work again. Employees are re-hired. Household earnings recover. Soon, the downturn is over.
Both booms and busts are, normally, self-correcting.
But leave it to the feds to stop the sunrise. This huge demand for credit from the industrialized governments could drive up interest rates. Imagine what that will do. Already in a slump, households, businesses and investors could find their borrowing costs going up, not down. They could find prices rising, too, especially the prices of energy and food. What a world…a major slump, but with rising prices and rising interest rates!
And then, consider what happens next. The feds will err again. They will feel obliged to finance government borrowing themselves. Here’s the Bank of International Settlements, giving us the heads up:
The Bank for International Settlements Sunday issued an oblique endorsement of coordinated action by the world’s largest central banks to ease funding conditions for banks. “A freezing of interbank markets in major funding currencies, as during the recent crisis, may require the ability to supply official liquidity in major currencies in an elastic manner,” the BIS wrote in its regular quarterly report.” — MarketWatch
It was only a week ago that 6 major central banks announced a coordinated rate cut — expected to juice up the markets. And now all major central banks seem ready and willing to sacrifice the integrity of their currencies in order to protect their bond speculators.
This is what we expected all along. But we didn’t expect it so soon. It causes us to revisit our “long, dark road to Tokyo” forecast. You remember our prediction: the US has already followed Japan through one “lost decade.” We figured it would lose another one as the Great Correction drags on.
But things could happen faster…and worser. Japan financed its own deficits with its own money. Now, everybody is running deficits. And the amounts to be refinanced are staggering. Bond buyers may balk…or simply be unable to swallow so much debt.
Which will cause the central banks to come into the picture — with coordinated money-printing. Instead of going down, bond yields and consumer prices could go up.
Think things are bad now? Wait until the economy has to deal with a Great Correction and inflation.
for The Daily Reckoning
Since founding Agora Inc. in 1979, Bill Bonner has found success in numerous industries. His unique writing style, philanthropic undertakings and preservationist activities have been recognized by some of America's most respected authorities. With his friend and colleague Addison Wiggin, he co-founded The Daily Reckoning in 1999, and together they co-wrote the New York Times best-selling books Financial Reckoning Day and Empire of Debt. His other works include Mobs, Messiahs and Markets (with Lila Rajiva), Dice Have No Memory, and most recently, Hormegeddon: How Too Much of a Good Thing Leads to Disaster. His most recent project is The Bill Bonner Letter.
BILL THE FICTION WRITER?
Bill did not know how much savings there are in the world. So he simply made up a fictional number:
…total world GDP is about $50 to $60 trillion. Savings should be about 10% of that — or only about $5 to $6 trillion
Oops Bill forgot that savings accumulate over more than one year. Some of what is borrowed this year is what was saved in past years. Especially true as debt is rolled over (paid off and re-issued).
How DO we explain record low interest rates? The world must be awash in savings, no? No one is FORCED to accept 2% on a 10-year government bond, so why DO they?
I believe people who buy a ten year bond at a 2% yield do so because they believe nothing else will safely give them more than a 2% return.
If such is the case, and I believe that can be the only explanation, it doesn’t say much for the future does it.
Shawn, tirent la fourchette hors de votre oreille. Svp.
“Lagest central banks ease funding conditions for banks” so that they in turn can ease funding conditions for governments by buying their debt. The interest rate is as close to zero as possible, at which point debt is simply magic new money.
English Bill, english since we want to see if that was an insult, or what.
Dave you are exactly right, people can’t find a safe return offering more than 2%. That’s presumably because supply of money (savings) exceeds demand (for borrowing). Ergo the world is awash in savings?, no?
Shawn, take the fork out of your ear. Please.
Thanks Angelique. My French is limited to a line from the movie Southern Comfort.
What the fork!
INVESTORFRIEND, why is the world full of savings at 2% after four years of QE’s? Shouldn’t it have already been at work toward higher returns thus growth?
AAA analysis from Bill with basic economic that the FEDs cannot seem to figure since you need to be a PHD to have that job. I suppose.
Economics is not a pure science.
One factor is not cyclical: as a species we are breeding ourselves into extinction. Increasing economic instability, internecine warfare, and the degeneration of our environment are among the effects of worldwide overpopulation. Malthus was spot on. Nature will provide our “Great Correction”.
The End is Near.
The Beginning is Far.
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