You can use dry ice for a lot – keeping a picnic lunch cool, generating fog for backyard karaoke. Now it’s about to revolutionize computing all over again.
More important, it’s going to touch off a scramble for a wonder substance that’s in high demand, and produced mostly in China. If you feel you missed out on the rare earth boom, you’re on the cusp of something equally lucrative.
The story begins with two breakthroughs, both revealed in the last 10 days.
Researchers at IBM announced this month they’ve built the first integrated circuit made of something called graphene.
The wafer you’re looking at is as thin as humanly possible – exactly one atom layer thick. And yet it’s powerful enough to…
You can’t do that with the stuff that’s made up integrated circuits for the last 40 years – silicon. Graphene is on its way to becoming “the new silicon.”
Also this month, researchers at Northern Illinois University made a parallel breakthrough, equally important: They hit on a way to manufacture graphene in high volumes.
Instead of previous methods – splitting graphite crystals with tape, or heating silicon carbide to high temperatures – the NIU scientists came up with something so simple your teenager could do it in the garage (although we wouldn’t advise it) – burning magnesium in dry ice.
“Up until now,” says professor Narayan Hosmane, “graphene has been synthesized by various methods utilizing hazardous chemicals and tedious techniques. This new method is simple, green and cost-effective.”
Graphene is derived from graphite – which itself is derived from the humble carbon atom. The two scientists at the University of Manchester who isolated graphene in 2004 won the Nobel Prize for physics in 2010.
“As a material, it is completely new,” declared the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences upon bestowing the prize. “As a conductor of electricity, it performs as well as copper. As a conductor of heat, it outperforms all other known materials.
“It is almost completely transparent, yet so dense that not even helium, the smallest gas atom, can pass through it.
“It is not only the thinnest material in the world,” adds The New York Times, “but also the strongest: a sheet of it stretched over a coffee cup could support the weight of a truck bearing down on a pencil point.”
So it will have uses other than electronics. Physicist Michio Kaku from City University of New York envisions more lightweight aircraft and stronger plastics, among other innovations.
Here’s the rub: “Good graphite is not that easy to find,” says our natural resource maven Byron King. “Graphite prices have more than doubled in recent years.” No graphite, no graphene.
On top of that, Byron continues, “China controls 80% of the global graphite market – just like China runs 97% of the world supply of rare earths.” And China’s reserves are dwindling.
So not only are we looking at “the new silicon” in terms of potential… we’re also looking at “the next rare earths” in terms of scarcity. And yes, just as with rare earths, the rush is on to find new sources outside China.
Many lie in developing countries run by dictators who’d love nothing more than to nationalize a big graphite find as soon as some company does the hard work of proving it up. But one of the largest is in North America – 8 million tons – controlled by a tiny firm Byron recently uncovered.
It can produce graphite for $400 a ton and sell it for $2,000. That’s $12.8 billion of potential for a company with a market cap of $58 million.
Byron guided his readers to rare earth gains of 93%… 147%… even 178%. If you missed out, don’t feel bad. Let him tell you about the “new silicon” firm with shares still under $1 each… at least for now. It’s all in this presentation.
Addison Wigginfor The Daily Reckoning
“Rare earth prices,” Bloomberg reports this morning, “are set to extend their decline from records this year.” They’re officially declaring one boom we’ve been following with some enthusiasm of late… busted.As your friendly publisher, we’re glad Byron King pulled the trigger on 178% gains in Molycorp when he did. But we’re also keen to suggest […]
Addison Wiggin is the executive publisher of Agora Financial, LLC, a fiercely independent economic forecasting and financial research firm. He's the creator and editorial director of Agora Financial's daily 5 Min. Forecast and editorial director of The Daily Reckoning. Wiggin is the founder of Agora Entertainment, executive producer and co-writer of I.O.U.S.A., which was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival, the 2009 Critics Choice Award for Best Documentary Feature, and was also shortlisted for a 2009 Academy Award. He is the author of the companion book of the film I.O.U.S.A.and his second edition of The Demise of the Dollar, and Why it's Even Better for Your Investments was just fully revised and updated. Wiggin is a three-time New York Times best-selling author whose work has been recognized by The New York Times Magazine, The Economist, Worth, The New York Times, The Washington Post as well as major network news programs. He also co-authored international bestsellers Financial Reckoning Day and Empire of Debt with Bill Bonner.
Addison, I had difficulty reconciling the two revelations you wrote about in this article. First you say (of graphene synthesis:
“NIU scientists came up with something so simple your teenager could do it in the garage (although we wouldn’t advise it) – burning magnesium in dry ice.”
I’m not up to speed on this technology but I’ll give it the benefit of the doubt since I know dry ice s frozen CO2 and has carbon in it. I suppose it isn’t out of line to think somehow the NIU folks managed to convince the C in CO2 to turn into graphene under the right conditions.
But then you go on with:
“Good graphite is not that easy to find”
As if to imply that graphite is still important in this process.
I’m confused. Why do we care about graphite in the context of graphene synthesis again?
Somehow I don`t think carbon atoms are that rare.
This writeup contains a major error. It gives the impression that graphene electronics is going to replace silicon, and bring a disruptive change to the world of digital.
Graphene based electronics cannot do digital switching. It can only do analog electronics, such as radio, radar and such. The limitation is fundamental in physics. You can easily confirm this by searching web.
So unless there is another miracle breakthrough, its impact to the world will be far less.
Frank K, the first electronic digital computers used vacuum tubes. Then came bipolar transistors, PMOS, NMOS, and today’s dominant CMOS. All are analog when you want them to be. Digital applications simply switch the underlying analog devices fully on or off via sufficient grid/base/gate drive levels. I know whereof I speak. Rebut with a reference if you have one.
Frank K, I admit I posted prior to a search for “graphene transistors”. Wikipedia states poor voltage gain and on/off conduction ratios. This new technology will obviously need further R&D to make good devices for *both* analog and digital applications. But so did vacuum tubes, bipolar transistors, and MOSFETs to get to where they are today.
Quote Dr. Yu–Ming Lin, IBM lead graphene researcher:
“Lin cautioned against thinking of graphene as a substitute for the silicon-based microprocessors used in today’s computers, at least at anytime in the near future. One major roadblock is that graphene does not work easily with discrete electronic signals, he explained. Because graphene is a zero bandgap semiconductor, meaning there is no energy difference between its conductive and nonconductive states, transistors made of the semiconductor cannot be turned on and off. In contrast, silicon has a bandgap of one electron volt, making it good for processing discrete digital signals, Lin said.”
“…One major roadblock is that graphene does not work easily with discrete electronic signals, he explained.”
So, we return to analog computation armed with the new devices. Everyone should recall the Differential Analyzer. Hardware wise, the Boolean fishing hole is about fished out anyway.
I apologize, I just stumbled across this page: I am researching, out of curiosity, the idea of investing in graphene. Could any of you previous commentators please explain in terms easy for the non-electronics mind to understand, whether or not and why or why not to invest in the substance? I realize this may generate some conversation for those of us who are just learning: that would be great. Thanks.
“I apologize, I just stumbled across this page: …………..”
Read more: Graphene: The “New Silicon”? http://dailyreckoning.com/graphene-the-new-silicon/#ixzz1Sijkn72chttp://agorafinancial.com/reports/ESI/newsil/ESI_newsilicon_060111_vp.php?code=WESIM601
good info ….
Now, that IBM has come up with a transistor it should be evident that there’s enough scope for graphene to replace silicon. Ofcourse bandgap plays its role in switching but how did IBM make a transistor ? Anybody here knows about it ?
Im interested in graphene silicon…..
Pingback: carbon marcky
Pingback: marko man
Pingback: universal remote
Pingback: makia julpo
Pingback: medical dosages dvds
Pingback: basic algebra dvds
Pingback: statistics videos
Pingback: da Vinci hysterectomy
Pingback: keith jones ace parking
Pingback: no deposit casino android
Pingback: How To Catch Him Cheating Online
Pingback: payday loans columbus
Pingback: buy instagram followers
Pingback: buy facebook followers
Pingback: iherb coupons
Pingback: Asbestos Surveys Glasgow
Pingback: Origami Owl
Pingback: no depositbonuScasino
Pingback: Look At These Guys
Pingback: donate clothing
Pingback: GoGo Rocket
Pingback: how to make money from YouTube
Pingback: Qualify for a IRS Offer in Compromise
Pingback: buy tumblr followers
Pingback: Visit This Website
Pingback: Amtico flooring
Pingback: telecharger minecraft
Pingback: Fast Payday Loan
Pingback: mark mania
Pingback: Chase Banking Online
Pingback: LEGO Marvel Super Heroes Movie
Pingback: Internet Banking
Pingback: Consumer health author
Pingback: law videos
Pingback: dog videos
Pingback: Home Improvement Tips
Pingback: Financial services
Pingback: Read Full Article
Pingback: natural pain relief
Pingback: view video
Pingback: Floyd Rannells
Pingback: presell page
Pingback: handyortung kostenlos
Pingback: Donya Mormino
Pingback: Full Report
Pingback: Van Deffibaugh
Pingback: customer complaints for upfront reputations
Pingback: РџСЂРѕРёСЃС…РѕР¶РґРµРЅРёРµ С„Р°РјРёР»РёРё Р‘СѓС‡Р°С†РєРёР№ : Р‘Р°С€СѓС‚РёРЅ С„Р°РјРёР»РёСЏ РєР°РєРѕРіРѕ РїСЂРѕРёСЃС…РѕР¶РґРЅРµ
Pingback: РњРѕР»РѕРґРёР»СЊРЅР°СЏ СЃРјРµСЃСЊ РґР»СЏ РїРѕС…СѓРґРµРЅРёСЏ. Р’СЃРµРіРѕ РЅР°Р№РґРµРЅРѕ СЂРµР·СѓР»СЊС‚Р°С‚РѕРІ - 8891
Pingback: Retin A cream
Pingback: pillow tablet case
Pingback: blog photo
Pingback: Lyle Tatters
Pingback: Alex Jepperson
Pingback: Ellamae Atiyeh
Pingback: Kristin Winkey
Pingback: top online backup
Pingback: best online backup
Pingback: North Brisbane personal training bootcamp
Pingback: How to lose weight fast
Pingback: Direct Payday Lenders
Pingback: basement finish ma
Pingback: cartomanzia online
Pingback: Sadie Reech
Pingback: car crashes
Pingback: Sell my house fast
Pingback: План побега фильм 2013 торрент Змо
Pingback: Dannie Ysaguirre
Pingback: deezer gratuit
Pingback: quarterback footwork drills www.steveclarksondreammaker.com
Pingback: Грязь фильм 2013 смотреть онлайн без регистрации ПЭЕ
Pingback: beats for sale
Pingback: сталинград 2013 торрент ASdM
Pingback: фильм онлайн Страсти Дон Жуана
Pingback: Slotomania Free Coins Iphone
Pingback: Experts Advis
Pingback: more info here
Pingback: Texas wedding videographer
Pingback: youtube partner
Pingback: Зажигание 2013 смотреть в hd
Pingback: Танго либре 2013 онлайн в hd
Pingback: how to get abs fast - top 6 diet secrets
Pingback: Фильм Машина Джейн Мэнсфилд смотреть онлайн в хорошем качестве (США, 2013)
Pingback: Honda Dirt Bike Parts
Pingback: Штурм Белого дома 2013 смотреть онлайн в хорошем качестве 2013
Pingback: Я стану лучше 2013 смотреть онлайн кино
Pingback: смотреть фильм Va-банк онлайн
Pingback: Кино Завещание смотреть онлайн
Pingback: best anti ageing cream Singapore
Pingback: Грязь трейлер 2013 КюЫ
Pingback: Фильм Назад в будущее 2013 смотреть онлайн в hd
Pingback: план побега 2013 торрент
Pingback: Одноклассники.ru: НаCLICKай удачу яндекс ёдг
Pingback: фильм Остров везения смотреть онлайн в хорошем качестве дрю
Pingback: photo charme
Pingback: mbfx system review
Pingback: Payday Loans Direct Lenders
Pingback: chemical peel side effects
Pingback: РҐРѕС‡Сѓ РєР°Рє Р‘СЂРёРґР¶РµС‚ СЃРјРѕС‚СЂРµС‚СЊ РѕРЅР»Р°Р№РЅ 2013 РІ С…РѕСЂРѕС€РµРј РєР°С‡РµСЃС‚РІРµ РРµРЎ
Pingback: carb nite solution review
Pingback: Water Damage El Segundo
Pingback: ipad pillow rest
Pingback: buy garcinia cambogia
Pingback: Прогулки с динозаврами 3D трейлер 2013 чча
Pingback: sameday appliance repair
Pingback: Хоббит: Пустошь Смауга щиЭ
Pingback: Невероятная жизнь Уолтера Митти уЕс
Pingback: Undermount Sinks
Pingback: what is lung cancer
Pingback: weed seeds
Pingback: Somanabolic Muscle Maximizer review
Pingback: Zack Childress
Pingback: visual impact muscle building
Pingback: Holy bible
Pingback: sell my car
Pingback: Ariana Grande Wallpapers
Pingback: Biological Dentistry
Pingback: prezentacje maturalne
Pingback: tube cash code review corey
Pingback: body beast review
Pingback: iherb coupon code
Pingback: work at home
Pingback: riverbank fernvale
Pingback: adrianmorrison com
Pingback: traffic software
Pingback: free online backup
Pingback: cash for cars miami
Pingback: levitra ohne rezept
Pingback: drain cleaning Madison
Pingback: lon rosen producer
Pingback: Carpet Cleaning Utah
Pingback: Bedtime Stories Online
Pingback: Investing in gold
Pingback: riverbank fernvale condo
Pingback: free slotomania coins
Pingback: Simon Heising
Pingback: How do you get your Ex back? Must See
Pingback: purificadoras de agua
Pingback: government grants
Pingback: best pet care in naples florida
Pingback: Virginia Beach house training
Pingback: Wholesale Warranties
Pingback: hippie shop
Pingback: ipad accessories sale
Pingback: Shaahin Cheyene
Pingback: payday loans
Pingback: cheap seo
Pingback: poop bags
Pingback: SEO services Los Angeles
Pingback: Get ripped
Pingback: best mini ipad accessories
Pingback: social bookmarking
Pingback: Katie Yeakle
Pingback: dog poop bags
Pingback: click here
Pingback: Toronto Product Photography
Pingback: Cerritos website promotion services
Pingback: sell my car for cash
Pingback: Scottsdale paper wasp control
Pingback: Р‘РµР»РєР° Рё РЎС‚СЂРµР»РєР°: Р›СѓРЅРЅС‹Рµ РїСЂРёРєР»СЋС‡РµРЅРёСЏ С„РёР»СЊРј 2013 СЃРјРѕС‚СЂРµС‚СЊ РѕРЅР»Р°Р№РЅ СЊРҐР©
Pingback: Нереальная любовь онлайн 2013 чЮл
Pingback: Pharmacy Tech License
Pingback: Adrian Morrison reviews
Pingback: funny dog pics
Pingback: visco revolution
Pingback: valerie aliano
Pingback: paul drago md
Pingback: social media
Pingback: empire medical
Pingback: day trading community
Pingback: Online Cialis kaufen
Pingback: Appliance Repair Charleston
Pingback: read this article
Pingback: San Luis Obispo
Pingback: hope 4 home reviews
Pingback: hope 4 home
Pingback: compte offshore
Pingback: Ladera Lending Inc
Pingback: Gamesalad templates
Pingback: Tinnitus Miracle
Pingback: Anabolic Cooking Plan
Pingback: party bus
Pingback: android tv
Pingback: dog poop
Pingback: erotische datingsite
Pingback: Cecelia Chapman
Pingback: sigint collection
Pingback: WHOLESALE WARRANTY
Pingback: direct debit
Pingback: Cozumel Flats Fishing
Pingback: tv izle
Pingback: Mohammedanisme Terrorisme
Pingback: electronic cigarette
Pingback: lich su phat giao
Pingback: freight to hungary
Pingback: professional indemnity insurance
Pingback: v2 cigs coupon
Pingback: cheap calls to usa
Pingback: toile de store
Pingback: Aviron Institute of Technology
Pingback: Dating Tester
Pingback: How to Start a Website
Pingback: bratwurst sausage
Pingback: gluten free sausage
Pingback: Tjen nemme penge online
Pingback: cute kittens
Pingback: AFL TV
Pingback: Motion to Dismiss
Pingback: german electric heating
Pingback: Garcinia Cambogia
Pingback: Free Sugar Daddy Dating Site
Pingback: Gutter Cleaning London
Pingback: youtube help
Pingback: henderson laptop repair
Pingback: henderson game console repair
Pingback: dentist fort lauderdale
Pingback: miami kite boarding
Pingback: soundbuilt homes
Pingback: Carpet cleaning
Pingback: Paint and varnish removal
Pingback: Free iq test
Pingback: agencia traduccion
Pingback: unlimited money in indian poker, unlimited money in teen patti
Pingback: best gold coast printer
Pingback: best acting schools in nyc
Pingback: san diego property management
Pingback: we buy cars broward florida
Pingback: Sublimation mugs
Pingback: we buy cars
Pingback: plantas purificadoras de agua
Pingback: Crematorio Bologna
Pingback: australian consumer commission centre
Pingback: Houston SEO
Pingback: garcinia cambogia
Pingback: Garcinia Cambogia select
Pingback: cat food
Thanks to the tireless efforts of the Federal Reserve, currency in circulation is up $72.5 billion in the last year - which equates to $234 for every man, woman and child in America. And after rifling through his wife's purse yielded fruitless results, The Mogambo Guru has launched an all-out investigation to find his share. Read on...
With so much turmoil and political strife throughout the world, it can be difficult to realize how bright the future of technology is. Luckily, Stephen Petranek hasn't lost sight of that. Today, he describes seven important stories that will shape the future... and how a few savvy investors can make a killing in the process. Read on...
The Affordable Care Act creates a new health insurance marketplace (the exchange). But because of the great uncertainty about what buyers will enter the market and who will buy what product, the law creates three vehicles to reduce insurance company risk. John Goodman explains why this is such a dangerous proposition...
The biotech industry has dominated the market so far this year; and early investors in this sector have practically won the lottery. But with such an incredible run up, could this bull market be nearing exhaustion? Greg Guenthner investigates, and offers some sage advice for investors willing to take a chance. Read on...
Generally speaking, gold miners are bad businesses. They bury perfectly good cash in the ground and tend to issue lots of shares just to stay afloat. So when one comes along that actually turns out to be a good business, it's important to take note. Chris Mayer has found just such a company. Read on...