Why Gold Stocks Have Not Performed...Yet
It’s one of the great mysteries of the market this year. For the first half of the year, the HUI Gold Bugs Index — made up of gold mining stocks — was down 9%, despite the fact that the price of gold was up 30%. What gives?
Normally, gold stocks give its investors some leverage to the gold price. Historically, gold stocks move 2-3% for every 1% move in gold. Not so in 2011.
There are some reasons for this. In order of importance, I rate them as follows:
1. The cost of production is up a lot.
Energy costs represent 20-35% of costs. Then there are steel costs, chemicals and labor — not to mention declining grades, which mean chewing through more rock per ounce of gold mined. As a result of these rising costs (and the next bullet), cash profit margins for the industry are not much higher than they were three years ago, even though gold is much higher.
There is little relief coming here, though the retreat in the price of oil helps. This can also be turned around, however, as a positive for some low-cost, high-margin gold miners. It makes their properties all the more valuable and gives you a good cushion investing in them.
2. Taxes have gone up huge.
CIBC notes, in a recent report, that cash taxes per ounce mined have gone up 1,200% in the last six years! Put another way, taxes are up to about $200 an ounce from under $20 an ounce six years ago. This is a statistic that went from practically meaningless to heavy anchor in just six years.
Again, there is little relief coming on No. 2. Political risks will probably play a bigger role in gold mining as gold prices rise, giving politicians incentive to take more. Nationalization? Confiscatory taxes? These are concerns. Again, this can be turned around as a positive for gold stocks in safer jurisdictions.
3. There is much skepticism about the price of gold holding its big gains this year.
As a result, there is reluctance on the part of investors to give gold mining shares the full benefit of the price increase when they think about what they are worth. You can see this in Wall Street research in which analysts assume lower gold prices going forward.
Only time will take care of this skepticism. The longer gold sticks around at $1,700-1,800 an ounce, the more the market will believe it is here to stay. This is the way markets work. Every bull market must overcome disbelief and skepticism as it unfolds. Bull markets die when there are no more disbelievers. They die when there are no more skeptics. We are a long way from that with gold.
Notwithstanding all of the above, gold stocks are fundamentally cheap based on cash flow. One of the most remarkable charts I’ve come across is the nearby one showing the collapse in the cash flow multiples of gold stocks. They’ve gone from over 20 times in 2008 to about 10 times this August!
The last time gold stocks got this cheap, on this basis, was back in 1979, when the group touched 8.5 times cash flow. This preceded a parabolic move in gold stocks in which they ultimately ran up four-fold. The 1970s is an interesting period to look at because gold stocks also lagged the price of the metal all the way up.
The chart above is a beauty from CIBC, which clearly shows how the 1970s unfolded. I can certainly see some scenario like that — in which cash flow multiples hit a floor and then spike — playing out in the 2011-12 timeframe. Which means you don’t want to sell gold stocks right here. At worst, you hang on to them, even the dogs. (The old saying is, “In a hurricane, even turkeys will fly.”) When that rush comes for gold stocks, they will all go up.
Moreover, looked at in terms of price to net asset value, gold stocks are trading about where base metal stocks are. This has never happened before. Gold stocks have always traded at significant premiums to base metal stocks. So this is another value metric that favors gold stocks and their investors.
If you don’t own gold stocks yet, now is a great time to buy them. And if you already own them, you should certainly hang on, or add to your favorites.