The Pittsburgh Tea Party
Yeah, we drink tea in Pittsburgh. But really, Pittsburgh is more of a shot-and-a-beer kind of town. What else would you expect from the place that – back in 1794 – challenged the authority of the newly established national government in the Whiskey Rebellion. I wrote about it five years ago, in one of my first articles for Whiskey (hence the name) and Gunpowder. You can reread it here.
Old Whiskey Rebellion and Modern Tea Party
During the Whiskey Rebellion of old, irate Western Pennsylvanians burned down the house of George Washington’s appointed tax collector, General John Neville. This wasn’t without provocation, of course. The bonfire started after one of Neville’s federal marshals shot and killed an unarmed tax protester. Lesson to the feds: Be careful who you shoot, especially when they can shoot back.
The recent Pittsburgh Tea Party was far less inflammatory, although some of the issues and basic sentiments are much the same as those of the 1790s. The original Whiskey rebels opposed a distant and aloof government that reflected the interests of an East Coast cultural aristocracy. Despite the personal popularity of George Washington, his federal government was imperial and out of touch. To answer a summons in federal court, for example, a Western Pennsylvania farmer had to trek near 300 miles across the mountains to Philadelphia. And the lack of a useful national currency – one of the key functions of any government — handicapped economic growth. In fact, for lack of real money on the western frontier, people used whiskey as a form of currency.
The final straw came in 1792 when Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton proposed raising revenue by taxing the capacity of stills. And in those days, stills were no mere means of making recreational moonshine. By 1794, the draconian collection of Mr. Hamilton’s new tax placed at risk the ability of farmers to transform their surplus grain into more transportable and saleable whiskey.
In other words, the whiskey tax damaged the farm economy, which was about all there was west of the Alleghenies. Inept government economic and monetary policy placed the future at risk. Thus did many citizens rebel. And rightfully so, some say.
Rooted in Citizen Anger and Frustration
What’s behind the modern “Tea Party” sentiment? I believe that it’s rooted in citizen anger and frustration that the federal government just spends and spends and spends, with no evident heed for tomorrow.
The justification for heedless increases in government spending – even worse, increased spending with borrowed money — is along the lines of Pres. Franklin Roosevelt’s famous comment that “If we borrow funds, then we owe it to ourselves.” The modern justification, as a Federal Reserve official once explained to me, is that “As long as we can afford to pay the interest on the debt, it’ll be OK.”
But the people are not blind, let alone stupid. It is clear that the federal debt just grows and grows. How much longer can this last? Today many informed citizens understand that the national debt is way too big. The rate of growth is out of control. We don’t “owe it to ourselves.” We owe it to the Chinese, the Japanese, the Middle Easterners. And we cannot afford to pay the interest anymore. Well, not if we want to be able to do anything else as a nation except work like tax-slaves to pay interest on past debt.
By any technical measure, the federal government is insolvent — except for that quaint custom of inflating the currency with fiat dollars. So really, the nation is long overdue for a national discussion on the fundamental nature of its money. Hence the Tea Parties.
The Pittsburgh Tea Party Crowd
In Pittsburgh a crowd of several thousand (estimates range from 2,500 to 5,000) formed last week in the city’s old, historic Market Square. Market Square dates to the 1700s, and perhaps the bedrock still recalls the events from the days of George Washington. The mid-April weather was characteristically lousy, with drizzle and rain falling in 50-degree temperatures. If you were there, it was because you wanted to be there.
The Tea Party attendees struck me as a cross section of Western Pennsylvanians. There were many Steelers jackets, and ball-caps with military logos and veteran patches. I asked around, and met business owners and office workers, factory workers, lawyers, health care providers, restaurant workers, and a few people who are, as they put it, “between jobs.” There were off-duty cops and firefighters, courthouse employees, bus drivers and even a few bikers resplendent in their leather and tattoos.
The Tea Party brought out the creative side of attendees as well, with people dressed in Colonial period costumes. To my observation, it was an orderly and respectful crowd, filled with sincere people who appeared to know their American history. My gut feeling was that the Tea Party attendees understood why they were out standing in the cold rain. (One 30-something woman told me, “I’ve never been to a political rally in my life. But I’m just scared for the country’s future. We’re going to be broke.”)
The makeup of the crowd was young and old, men and women. There were retirees (as indicated by their hats and T-shirts), middle-aged people, and young people complete with pink hair and metal in their ears. There were parents with children. (One participant told me, “I brought my son with me because I want him to remember this day. I think we’re at the beginning of something that’s going to change the country.”) There were white and black, Asian and Indians.
Many Tea Party attendees carried signs, all apparently homemade. The verbiage ranged across a conservative to libertarian political spectrum. Some signs were historical, with deep roots in the 1913 coup d’etat of American Progressivism under Pres. Woodrow Wilson. (“The Fed is Illegitimate.” and “Abolish the 17th Amendment.”) You don’t see many signs like that these days, that’s for sure.
Other signs were rock-ribbed statements of protest about taxes and spending. (“Give me Liberty, Don’t Give Me Debt.” and “Born Free, Taxed Beyond the Grave.” and “Abolish the IRS, Support the Fair Tax.” and “Wall Street Banks Got Billions, and All I Got Was This Lousy Sign.”)
Other signs – not many — knocked Pres. Obama; but I would not characterize the Tea Party as just an anti-Obama rally. There were indications of deeper dissatisfaction with the federal government, at a systemic level. One sign knocked the “Bush-Obama Ripoff.” Other signs were along the lines of “Abolish Congress,” which is not exactly realistic, considering the wording of the U.S. Constitution. (Vote the bums out, maybe?)
One sign hit on the corruption of the process of governance, stating, “Big Fraud from Little ACORN Grows.” These were not the usual mass-produced, “union-label” signs that you see at those “other” kinds of political rallies. I’m sure you get the idea.
The Tea Party Organization
The 2009 Pittsburgh Tea Party was organized by a suburban housewife, albeit one with an MBA from the Harvard Business School. From what I heard, a few politicians volunteered to speak. The terse reply from the organizers was along the lines of, “No, this is where the people will speak. You politicians need to shut up and listen.”
There was no indication that the Tea Party was an “Astroturf” event. The Tea Party received almost ZERO media coverage in the days leading up to it. It had all the markings of a “flash rally,” organized on the Internet. The local talk radio guys scarcely mentioned it, to my knowledge. (If they did, I missed it.) The local newspapers gave no advance publicity. The local TV stations were too busy covering the usual pabulum about car crashes and house fires. If it doesn’t bleed, it doesn’t lead.
It seemed to me that the attendees of the Pittsburgh Tea Party were there of their own volition. I sensed no mind-control from the evil Fox-News Network, and I wasn’t even wearing my radio-blocking aluminum skull-cap. Contrary to the defamatory stereotype pushed by the incompetent mainstream media (the LA Times characterized Tea Party attendees as “insane”), the Tea Party people seemed to be decent folk, able to think for themselves and form independent opinions. And many Tea Partiers have apparently formed the opinion that the federal government is spending the country into ruin. To those of us who follow the issue, it’s a valid point.
The Tea Party Festivities
The Tea Party stage was decked out with flags. Festivities began with a musical mixture of patriotic tunes and Country-Western music. The Tea Party kicked off with a brief welcome from the organizers, followed by a moment of silence in memory of three Pittsburgh police officers who were killed in the line of duty a couple weeks ago. Then a prayer. Then the Pledge of Allegiance. Then the national anthem. In other words, it was as patriotic as the 4th of July. Nothing radical.
The first speaker discussed the ever-expanding federal budget. If you’ve seen the movie I.O.U.S.A., produced by Addison Wiggin of Agora Financial, then it was nothing new except that this was a Tea Party protest in downtown Pittsburgh. And criticizing federal spending in downtown Pittsburgh is not something that happens very often.
Another speaker gave a spirited history lesson about the origins of the Federal Reserve. It was Creature from Jeckyll Island-kind of stuff. It was surprising (to me) how much of the discussion the crowd appeared to understand. It was astonishing, really. I think that most of the Federal Reserve scholars in town must have been in the audience, because people seemed to know exactly what the guy was talking about.
A third speaker gave a solid speech about the evils of ever-expanding government. This guy is a multi-millionaire who built his own nationally-ranked high-tech business and made a fortune. He’s met a few payrolls in his career. He discussed the exploding levels of federal expenditures. He hit on the ballooning national debt, and asked rhetorically how the nation ever intends to pay just the interest, let alone the principal.
And so it went, with more speakers giving talks along the same lines.
The Hecklers in the Crowd
Of course, a few hecklers showed up to make noise. While one of the early speakers was discussing how federal borrowing is crowding out private investment, a group of five (I counted them) people started to chant, “O-Bam-A! O-Bam-A! O-Bam-A!”
At first, the crowd ignored the hecklers. Then the hecklers realized that they were having no effect, so they yelled louder. Eventually, it was kind of hard to hear the speaker. A few members of the Tea Party crowd turned to the hecklers and told them to shut up, have some respect, etc. That was like throwing kerosene on a fire. Now the hecklers were hollering at the top of their lungs.
There were a few TV cameramen from local stations covering the event. Needless to say, the camera-guys rushed over to film the hecklers in action. By now the five hecklers were having a great time, yelling and making enough noise to disrupt the proceedings. Then some Pittsburgh cops and event organizers walked over to tell the hecklers to keep it down.
The cops must have said something, because the hecklers broke up and started walking around the edge of the Tea Party crowd, yelling epithets like, “You’re all racists. You can’t deal with a black man in the White House.” To which a black guy standing next to me said, “I’ll bet these punks are ACORN activists.” He turned and talked right at one of the hecklers, saying, “Why are you causing a disturbance? Get out of here. Go home to your mama.” So the heckler called the black guy an “Oreo,” as well as a few other words that I thought were banned from modern vocabulary. Then a Pittsburgh cop walked up to the heckler and politely asked him to “move along, unless you have some other reason to be here.” Pittsburgh’s finest.
The local media gave almost no coverage to the Pittsburgh Tea Party. The TV stations focused on the hockey playoffs between the Pittsburgh Penguins and the Philadelphia Flyers. One station ran a short, insubstantial fluff piece, with plenty of attention to the five hecklers.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, located three blocks from Market Square, buried its next-day coverage within a critical, anti-Tea Party story distributed by the Washington Post. The photo on the inside pages of the Post-Gazette was from a Tea Party in Cincinnati. On its editorial page, the Post-Gazette ran an insulting cartoon by the predictable and pedestrian Rob Rogers. The cartoon showed three raw-looking, hirsute men sitting around a table, sipping tea and bellyaching (get it? Tea Party?) Meanwhile, the circulation of the Post-Gazette is falling and the newspaper is laying off staff. Gee, I wonder why people don’t bother to read the Post-Gazette?
What Were the Tea Parties About?
But it’s not just the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that’s missing the boat. The talking-head androids of Big Media also missed the point of the Tea Parties. To the extent that there is any remotely accurate reportage going on, the focus seems to be that the Tea Parties are well-off people bitching about high taxes. Even the Gallup Poll organization took the bait, publishing a recent report stating:
“A new Gallup Poll finds 48% of Americans saying the amount of federal income taxes they pay is “about right,” with 46% saying “too high” — one of the most positive assessments Gallup has measured since 1956. Typically, a majority of Americans say their taxes are too high, and relatively few say their taxes are too low.
But focusing on the level of taxation is the wrong issue for Gallup to track. It struck me that the Tea Party attendees in Pittsburgh were worried more about the use of their tax dollars, and the explosion in federal deficit spending. The Tea Party movement strikes me as more about the dangerously growing size of the federal government. From what I could gather, the Tea Party attendees opposed the unalterable trend of endless federal growth. And coupled with this there is, of course, a deep fear about the eventual decline in value of the dollar.
Like I said earlier in the article, it’s about time for the U.S. to have a national discussion about the nature of its money. What is a U.S. dollar any more? Where does national wealth come from? We ought have that national chat while we still have some money, and while we can still create wealth. Because a lot of people appear to sense that something important is coming to an end.
And when things fall apart, we’ll be in for a generation or two of very tough times. So the political class, and its Big Media androids, are ignoring the Tea Party movement at their peril.
Until we meet again,
April 22, 2009