Ton Coumans holds a Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering and has pursued a life long philosophical study of systems, human and otherwise. The subject of interest is how individuals come to cooperate in the form of communities and societies that develop a common identity, set of beliefs, moral codes and expectations for the future. As such, societies are regarded as living organisms of a higher moral relevance than its basic building block, the single individual. As a living organism, societies seek to grow, expand and thrive in general, whilst competing and cooperating with other societies. The challenge is to assess the state of affairs in a society and compare this to the general beliefs and expectations of that society. When significant discrepancies occur the object is to anticipate how the tension will be resolved and invest accordingly.