The Two U.S. Constitutions
Tomorrow the nation celebrates Constitution Day. Rather, tomorrow the calendar acknowledges Constitution Day.
Few Americans realize the high day exists. Fewer yet will hoist a cheering toast in honor of the nation’s founding charter — the first written constitution in Earth’s history.
Nor will your seditious editor celebrate Constitution Day.
That is not because he scorns or abominates the United States Constitution… but because he reveres it.
It has been distorted beyond semblance.
The original constitutional text remains, it is true. The original procedures and formalities remain.
The constitutional republic has its three branches of government. It has its official separation of powers. It has its protocols and decorums.
That is, the Constitution’s skeletal structure is intact.
Yet take a scalpel in hand. Knife your way through the outer layers… past the intermediate tissues… to the innards, to the vital organs.
There you will discover astonishing discombobulations of the bodily processes.
The heart breathes oxygen, the lungs pump blood. The kidneys digest food and the liver thinks thoughts…
The appendix assumes the powers of the spleen… and the spleen is reduced to an appendage.
In all, the original constitutional anatomy is scarcely recognizable.
On What Constitutional Authority?
We lift our pocket Constitution from our breast pocket, where it is permanently stationed — near our heart — a heart that pumps blood, though icy blood.
We consult Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1 of the United States Constitution, which reads, in part that:
“No State shall… make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.”
Is there a state today that accepts gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts?
Please inform us if there is a state. It will be our next address (our minions inform us certain states are considering it).
Next we thumb to Article II, which limits presidential powers to:
Signing or vetoing legislation. Ordering around the military and naval forces. Requesting the written opinion of his Cabinet. Convening or adjourning Congress. Granting reprieves and pardons. Receiving ambassadors.
Where does the Constitution authorize the president to mandate vaccination… determine the wages of federal contractors… suspend oil production on federal lands or offshore waters… to name some.
Is this not the work of the legislature?
Examples of constitutional derangement multiply and multiply.
The Two Constitutions
We conclude the United States Constitution has endured what old Greek Aristotle labeled “a revolution within the form:”
People do not easily change, but love their own ancient customs; and it is by small degrees only that one thing takes the place of another; so that the ancient laws will remain, while the power will be in the hands of those who have brought about a revolution in the state.
We have in fact two United States Constitutions…
The first is the Old Testament Constitution, the “government shalt not” Constitution.
The second is the New Testament Constitution, the “government shall” Constitution.
The Old Testament Constitution represents what the legal men term a “charter of negative liberties.”
It binds and shackles the federal authority. It throws up a cordon around it. What is the Bill of Rights but a charter of negative liberties?
Congress shall make no law… shall not be infringed… The right of the people to be secure… No person shall be… the accused shall enjoy the right to… shall not be construed to deny or disparage (other rights) retained by the people.
The New Testament Constitution
But the Old Testament Constitution has yielded to the New Testament Constitution over time, a process vastly accelerated during the Great Depression.
The needs of the day — we are told — required an energetic, centralizing government… busy on ever-expanding and previously uncontested fronts.
Social Security is but one example.
The Great Society legislation of the 1960s was perhaps the New Testament Constitution’s high moment, its apotheosis, its grand culmination.
That is, the New Testament Constitution turned the Old Testament Constitution upon its head…
Under the Old Testament, the people looked after the government. Under the New Testament, the government looked after the people.
Here former President Obama sketches the division between Old and New Testaments:
Generally the Constitution is a charter of negative liberties. It says what the states can’t do to you, says what the federal government can’t do to you, but it doesn’t say what the federal government or the state government must do on your behalf.
Government That Does for You Must First Do to You
Yet the government that does on your behalf is the government that vandalizes the Old Testament Constitution, ransacks the Treasury… and shatters the domestic peace.
That is, government generally assists society the way a hammer assists a nail. It assists the way a leech assists the blood. It assists the way a termite assists a house.
The helping government constitutes, in brief, a menace.
Of course… we understand others hold an opposite view. We have no heat against them.
Yet of this we are certain: The “parchment barrier” of the Constitution could never restrain men determined not to be restrained.
As 19th-century individualist Lysander Spooner lamented, in devastating fashion:
Whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it…
There is much justice in this comment… at least as we see it.
The Constitution Wasn’t Written in Stone
The nine members of the Supreme Court are the high priests and priestesses of the New Testament Constitution.
It is they — and they alone — who interpret scripture under the New Testament.
The drafters of the Old Testament Constitution, in contrast, left the business to the People.
That is, the original United States Constitution blessed future updating. But only through the amendment process.
“If there are errors, it should be remembered, that the seeds of reformation are sown in the work itself,” argued signer James Wilson in 1787.
Signer Gouverneur Morris added:
Surrounded by difficulties, we did the best we could; leaving it with those who should come after us to take counsel from experience, and exercise prudently the power of amendment, which we had provided.
No less a personage than Tommy Jefferson — author of the Declaration of Independence — argued the Constitution should be updated:
“Every 19 or 20 years”… to “be handed on, with periodical repairs, from generation to generation, to the end of time.”
What Happened to the Amendment Process?
In brief, the original Constitution is neither etched in granite… nor written in water. It is in between.
The people can amend the Constitution… providing the proposed amendment fetches two-thirds of both chambers of Congress — plus three-fourths of state legislatures.
That is, the burden is high. The Constitution would not be amended for “light or transient causes.”
The United States Constitution did not authorize an Air Force. Was a separate amendment required to authorize one?
Not under any rational interpretation, no.
The People retain to this day the authority to amend the document.
But the last amendment to the Constitution — the 27th Amendment — was stenciled in nearly 30 years ago.
That is because the amendment process is arduous. It is lengthy. And many lack the patience to wait… or trust the people to push things through.
And so they have effectively turned the business over to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Penumbras and Emanations
The abstruse and nuanced legal insights of these clergy are beyond our slender abilities to appreciate.
The “penumbras and emanations” glowing from the constitutional text are visible to them. They are invisible to us.
That is, we are incapable of distinguishing Article I from Article II. We are incapable of distinguishing “shall” from “shall not.”
That is, we are disqualified from service upon the Supreme Court of the United States.
But the clergy has blown so much life into the Constitution, so much vitality… the thing is so alive… it is nearly dead.
New Testament beatitudes have displaced the Old Testament injunctions.
The Only Constant Is Change
Here we do not pass judgment. We merely observe… reflect… and stroke our chin, pensively.
Perhaps it was all inevitable.
Our co-founders Bill Bonner and Addison Wiggin, from Empire of Debt:
Institutions have a way of evolving over time — after a few years, they no longer resemble the originals. Early in the 21st century, the United States is no more like the America of 1776 than the Vatican under the Borgia popes was like Christianity at the time of the Last Supper…
In America, all the restraints, inhibitions and modesty of the Old Republic have been blown away by the prevailing winds of the new empire…
The United States Constitution is almost exactly the same document with exactly the same words it had when it was written, but the words that used to bind and chafe have been turned into soft elastic.
The government that couldn’t tax, couldn’t spend and couldn’t regulate can now do anything it wants. The executive has all the power he needs to do practically anything. Congress goes along, like a simpleminded stooge, insisting only that the spoils be spread around.
Happy Constitution Day!
Managing Editor, The Daily Reckoning