Bernanke Sticks to His Script
We had a very busy day on the desk yesterday, as our newest MarketSafe offering, based on the BRIC currencies, is making the phones ring off the hook. But while we were busy, the currency traders had another slow day as the dollar just drifted throughout the day. The return chart for the last 24 hours shows only one currency made more than a .5% move vs. the US$; and that was the South African Rand which increased .75%.
The markets were watching Ben Bernanke’s congressional testimony through most of the day, but those waiting for a surprise were disappointed. Bernanke stuck to the script which he had laid out the day before in the Wall Street Journal, and the members of the House Financial Services Committee couldn’t get him to commit to any ‘new’ stimulus programs. Bernanke said the economy is showing “tentative signs of stabilization” but the central bank intends to continue to maintain its “highly accommodative” monetary policy for “an extended period”. He indicated that the Fed stands ready to tighten policy, but only after the economic recovery takes hold and pressures holding down inflation diminish.
The Fed Chairman also reiterated his desire to keep the Fed independent from additional congressional oversight. As Chuck reported a while back, 275 legislators sponsored a bill to repeal the immunity of the central bank from audits of monetary policy. Bernanke said the bill would “open a Pandora’s box” for Congress’s Government Accountability Office to probe monetary policy. While I don’t necessarily think the folks in Congress are any more adept at handling the financial crisis (more on that later), I am a fan of opening up the books and letting the ‘owners of the government’, (the taxpayers) see just what all of their taxes are being spent on. Again, I’m not advocating that the Fed should seek congressional approval for every move they make, but I do think an after the fact audit is a good thing. I just get the feeling Bernanke and his pals are trying to hide something.
When pushed about this bill to audit the Fed, Bernanke pushed back at Congress and told them they need to cut the ‘unsustainable’ budget deficits. The Senate took a somewhat symbolic step toward this yesterday, by killing the F22 Raptor fighter jet program. If you hadn’t been following this, it is an excellent example of how spending can spiral out of control. Back in April, Defense Secretary Robert Gates decided, with President Obama’s backing, to scrap the program once it had delivered the 187 F-22s already in production. F-22 supporters in Congress ignored what the military wanted, and went ahead and budgeted another 2 billion dollars to continue production. I know 2 billion is next to nothing with the trillions that we have been talking about, but every little bit counts. If the US Government is going to get spending under control, they have to start somewhere; and killing a program that creates a plane that the military says they don’t need, and don’t want is a good first step.
Budget deficits aren’t the exclusive problem of the US. The Pound Sterling has been coming under some selling pressure lately as the UK budget deficit swelled to a record $21.4 billion in June. This was the largest monthly budget deficit ever recorded, and is increasing pressure on Prime Minister Gordon Brown to commit to a credible plan to cut spending. Recent data coming out of the UK doesn’t paint a pretty picture of the economy. Yesterday data showed that UK house price declines will persist until 2012, and another report predicted gross domestic product will keep falling until the final quarter of this year. BOE policy makers voted unanimously to maintain their asset purchase program in July, another sign that they still feel the UK economy is on shaky ground.
While the BOE and the Fed continue to use their reserves to purchase their own debt, China announced it would be looking to use its huge stash of cash to make purchase assets which have a bit more intrinsic value. A story in the FT yesterday stated that Beijing will use its foreign exchange reserves, the largest in the world, to support and accelerate overseas expansion and acquisitions by Chinese companies, according to Wen Jiabao, the country’s premier.
In an interview published in state-controlled media, the chairman of China Development Bank said Chinese outbound investment would accelerate but should focus on resource-rich developing economies. “Everyone is saying we should go to the western markets to scoop up [underpriced assets],” said Chen Yuan. “I think we should not go to America’s Wall Street, but should look more to places with natural and energy resources.”
This is a shot across the bow for the US, and a huge boost to countries which are commodity rich, including Australia, Brazil, and Africa. This is further evidence that China is looking to slow its purchases of US treasuries, and reduce its reliance on the US dollar as its reserve currency. Investments will focus not on monetary instruments, but on physical assets in resource rich developing economies.
This may account for some of the increase we saw in the South African rand yesterday. The South African rand is now the best performing currency vs. the US$ in 2009, with an increase of over 22.5%. The news will also benefit the Brazilian real which recently climbed to the highest in more than nine months as stronger earnings and higher metal prices bolstered the outlook for Latin America’s largest economy. The Brazilian real is the number two performer year to date vs. the US$, with an increase of approx. 21.5%. Anyone want to guess at #3 on the list?
It is the Australian dollar which has gained just over 15% vs. the US$ in 2009. Australia’s economy is performing better than expected, with GDP rising .4% in the first quarter, helped by consumer spending and increased commodity exports. Policy makers have left interest rates unchanged two weeks ago for a third month, but the bias seems to be shifting toward tightening rates. Australia could end up being the first of the major economies to start raising rates again, which would be a big boost for this currency.
The Bank of Canada will announce their rate policy today, and are expected to leave rates unchanged. Commodity price rebounds have helped push the Canadian dollar higher, and the loonie’s strength could threaten Canada’s nascent recovery. The big boss, Frank Trotter traveled out to Vancouver to join Chuck yesterday, and had this to report after his plane landed:
“Making the approach into Vancouver has always been a treat. This time, for my first time ever we landed to the west – drifting down down along the Fraser River Valley with Ranier on the left and the Olympic Peninsula in the distance affording a great view out to Vancouver Island across the straights. Once down I jumped in the cab and headed for the Agora Financial ‘Decade of Reckoning’ Conference.
“So are you guys picking up down south?” I was jolted out of my observation of the heavy traffic at 2pm. “Haven’t hit bottom yet I suspect” I replied to the cabby with an understatement. He told me that business was down, but okay. That restaurants were not full but they weren’t closing. That work continues for this winter’s Olympics, but everyone wonders if people will have money to travel. I’ll check in after hearing what some of the experts say at the conference over the next couple days; until then this is a pretty decent place to build a gulch.”
I look forward to sharing both Frank and Chuck’s views from the big Agora Financial Conference up in beautiful Vancouver.