7 Steps to Shock-Proof Your Finances
On January 25th President Trump announced an end to the 35-day partial government shutdown.
This day came as a relief to many of the 800,000 government employees and contractors who were left scrambling to cover their bills until their paychecks kicked in again.
A lot of people did just fine during the government shutdown, thanks to emergency savings and the added safety net of a working spouse. But for others, the sudden halt in cash flow created a crisis.
This episode was a reminder for how many Americans live paycheck to paycheck. The Federal Reserve announced last year that 40% of Americans don’t have enough saved to write a $400 check in an emergency.
And growing consumer debt seems to only be making matters worse. Since 2013, we’ve had more debt than in 2008, driven mostly by high student and auto loans.
The good news is we’re paying off this debt fairly well because we’ve just had one of the longest bull markets in history. The bad news is one day the stock market will cycle into a bear market and the economy will slow leaving many scrambling again to pay their bills.
To help you prepare for the next sudden financial crisis, here are 7 steps you can take to shock-proof your finances.
1. Build a Budget
You need a budget so you know how much money you have coming in and what expenses you have to cover. A quick and easy way to build a budget is use an online budgeting tool or app that links to your bank, investment, credit card and other accounts. Mint and Personal Capital are my favorites.
If you’ve never budgeted before, a simple breakdown you can follow is the 50/30/20 rule. 50% of your income should go toward essential expenses, like your mortgage, utilities, food, car, etc. 30% is allocated to nonessentials, think eating out, shopping, entertainment.
And 20% of your income goes to savings like your retirement accounts, emergency fund, and paying down any outstanding debt.
2. Checkmark Nonessentials
Once you’ve built your budget, grab a red marker or open a document on your computer or phone and checkoff all your non-essential expenses that could go if you needed to tighten your belt.
Memberships and subscriptions are primary suspects. If you have a gym membership you barely use, you can cancel it and workout at home. Cable TV and streaming subscriptions are also nonessentials that can get cut if you run into a financial squeeze.
The point is have a list of these nonessentials ready so when the day comes, you can easily lighten the load.
3. Build a Rainy Day Fund
A rainy day fund is different than your emergency fund. Your emergency fund is meant for catastrophes like losing your job, divorce, or medical or mental disability that affect your cash flow.
Rainy day funds are for urgent but less-catastrophic needs, like car and home repairs, medical and vet bills, or short-notice travel to be with a sick relative.
Open a sub-savings account and set up auto-transfers on a bi-weekly basis to start funding your rainy day savings. How much should you save? For most homeowners, anywhere between $3,000-$5,000 is enough. Renters can probably get away with $1,500-$2,000.
4. Slash Your Debt
Even if there’s no financial crisis looming, you should be paying down your debt regularly. Pay your debt off from highest to lowest interest rate first. You may even be able to consolidate your debt into a lower-rate, sometimes 0% credit card or loan.
Make sure you can pay off enough of the balance to make the transfer worthwhile during the 0% window. Alternatively, look for a debt-consolidation personal loan. There are several new online lenders that offer decent rates.
Go to www.supermoney.com, and enter details about yourself (like education level, income and employment status), the type of debt you have and how much you’d like to borrow.
The site generates offers from different lenders, like LendingClub, LightStream and SoFi.
5. Prime Your Credit
The best time to get approved for a line of credit is before you need one. If you think you might need to fall back on a line of credit, then get approved for a HELOC now.
Also ask your credit card provider to raise your credit limit. This will do two things: one, help you lower the amount of available credit you use (which will lift your credit score); two, give you more credit at your disposal in a pinch.
TransUnion did a study and found consumers are 50% more likely to receive a credit-line increase between January and May, so now is the perfect time to ask.
6. Boost Your Paycheck
The recent tax overhaul lowered taxes for millions of Americans, but only 19% of taxpayers updated their withholding in response to the new law, says H&R Block.
If you’re getting a sizeable refund this year, adjust your withholding and give your paycheck a boost. You can use the extra money to pay off high-interest debt, build your rainy day fund or increase retirement savings.
Use the IRS’s Withholding Calculator tool to figure out how to reduce the amount withheld from your paycheck.
7. Top Up Your Health Coverage
If you have a policy with a deductible of at least $1,350 for single coverage or $2,700 for family coverage, you can contribute up to $3,500 to a health savings account for single coverage or $7,000 for family coverage in 2019, plus $1,000 if you’re 55 or older.
Top up savings if you have the means. Contributions are tax-deductible and can be withdrawn tax-free for eligible medical expenses in any year.
Follow these 7 steps and you’ll be in a good position to weather any financial storm.
To a richer life,
— Nilus Mattive
Editor, The Rich Life Roadmap