Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you must know at least something about hydro-fracking in the U.S…. Come to think of it… if any person in the U.S. actually does fancy living under rocks, I’m sure they know about it too.
As of 2010, according to the Society of Petroleum Engineers, 60% of all new oil and gas wells on the planet are being hydro-fracked. The result: an unrivaled U.S. energy boom.
Side Note: If you want a brief crash course on fracking, check out this short animated video:
As you know, fracking injects high pressures of water, sand and chemicals to crack open saturated rock for energy. Rigs can now tap into wells, both old and new, for oil and natural gas — not to mention shale — trapped underneath the Earth. And the juice is definitely worth the squeeze.
The U.S. in particular has benefited greatly from being ahead of the game on this. Since 2012, 2.5 million fracks have occurred worldwide, with over 1 million in the U.S. And that’s a very conservative estimate. Places that are tapping into this new energy, like North Dakota, have effectively been sheltered from the Great Recession. Employment rates in these areas are the best in the country.
But what you may not know is that this fracking revolution, along with the economic advantages it brings, is all thanks to new technology. And now this revolutionary tech is getting an upgrade.
Upgrading the tech and special materials that comprise frack balls is something all companies in this sector will be forced to do.
In short, this upgrade is turning fracking into “super-fracking”…
And “super-fracking” has a brand-new way of dropping balls.
I’m talking about fracking balls, of course. What else?
See, right now, for companies to frack, they have to do something kind of funny…
Before real energy production can begin, rigs have to drop down these big balls into wells. They are commonly made from plastic, aluminum or various composite materials.
These frack balls usually measure 1-12 inches in diameter. Their purpose?
These things act as plugs that isolate different areas of the wells. That way, it’s easier to pressurize and extract the goodies you want from underneath the ground. They’re used a lot — in 20 to even 30 different stages throughout the entire process.
But the problem is it can take several days for a rig to go out, sit there and fish out frack balls.
And that means these energy companies are cost two valuable things: time and money (time is money, right?).
If companies could find a new way to handle their frack balls, they would be able to focus more on production…
Upgrading the tech and special materials that comprise frack balls is something all companies in this sector will be forced to do. Here are a couple that have innovations in the works…
The first company that’s working on “super fracking” is Baker Hughes Inc. (BHI). They branded a tech called “DirectConnect” that is undergoing field tests by select customers, according to a Bloomberg interview.
Baker Hughes also invented their own frack balls that disintegrate in wells like an Alka-Seltzer tablet does in your stomach. The fix takes a mere 1½ days.
The result is a big cut in two very valuable things: time and money (time is money, right?)
As I said before, any company that wants to remain competitive in this field will have to go in a similar direction.
Take Halliburton (HAL). Halliburton is implementing something similar called RapidFrac. It’s all a part of a plan the company calls “frack of the future” that aims to use better tech to pump up production, faster, with less dependency on materials and labor for each well.
RapidFrac is a little different but accomplishes the same goals as high-tech frack balls. RapidFrac uses a series of sliding sleeves that slip into a horizontal well and isolate zones for fracking. According to a JPMorgan Chase & Co. investor note on Sept. 19, these sliding sleeves can cut costs in the Bakken from as much as $2.5 million per well to $750,000.
Other companies, which our researchers are on top of but haven’t yet published, really take frack balls to a whole new level. These companies make their frack balls out of strong, ultra lightweight, “reactive” materials. That means “intelligent” material that responds to its environment, such as changes in fluid, pressure, temperature, electrical or magnetic fields… and other things that could trigger a desired disintegration while it’s in the well so rigs don’t have to fish them back up.
Ultimately, as frack balls are made from these special materials through new technology, they will be able to withstand deeper and higher pressure wells of 15,000-20,000 pounds per square inch (psi). To give you a comparison, typical dissolvable frack balls made from polymers and salts are limited to 5,000 psi-range wells. There are other advantages to high-tech frack balls, such as 40% less water consumption and easier chemical distribution.
for The Daily Reckoning
P.S. As the US energy boom continues, so too will fracking technology continue to improve. And as it does, the prospects for new and exciting investment opportunities will be unprecedented. To make sure you don’t miss a single one of these incredible stories, sign up for the free Tomorrow in Review email edition. This free daily email tells you everything you need to know about the most innovative new technologies set to hit the market, and provides you with multiple chances to receive real, actionable investment advice from the industry’s top minds. If you’re not getting the Tomorrow in Review email, you’re not getting the full story. Sign up for free, right here.
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Josh Grasmick is managing editor of Tomorrow in Review and associate editor of Technology Profits Confidential and Breakthrough Technology Alert. After graduating from Washington College with a degree in English, the self-described autodidact was interviewed by Time magazine for his novel entrepreneurship and worldwide eco-adventures. His experience with those in the fields of science, medicine and technology puts readers ahead of the curve and on top of the market.
What is your take on this compared to CO2 injection and why is that taking so long to adopt?
You may be referencing a recent article from Neil George, where he discusses CO2 injection (http://dailyreckoning.com/better-than-fracking/)
CO2 injection is a great way to get more oil out of existing well — a process called “enhanced oil recovery” or EOR.
The way I see it, oil and gas formations across the country are all different. The use of fracking or C02 injection will be able to increase the over all production of U.S. oil and gas. But, from my experience you can’t use CO2 where you’d normally use fracking and you can’t use fracking where you’d normally use CO2. So in that sense they are both important technologies that are going to be used in different formations across the country.
As Byron King, our inhouse geologist says “it’s all good!”
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